Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae
(Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335); wanoma: Named in reference to Wanoma village located some 16 km to the north in Arguni Bay.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Wermura Creek in Papua Barat, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91054)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 4 - 6;
soft rays: 22 - 25. Can be diagnosed from all of congeners in the Bomberai Peninsula and Bird’s Neck region by the combination of the following characters: dorsal fin with IV to VI-I,14 to 15 rays; anal fin with I,22-25 rays; 34-36 lateral scales; 10-11 transverse scales; 15-17 predorsal scales; 14-18 cheek scales; 15-16 gillrakers; snout length 8.0-9.1% of SL; interorbital width 8.4-9.0% of SL; body depth 28.7-32.8 and width 11.4- 13.5% SL; caudal peduncle length 14.0-16.1 and depth 10.0-11.1% SL; predorsal length 47.3-49.5% of SL; prepelvic length 38.3-40.4% of SL; preanal length 49.6-52.8% of SL; spine length of the first dorsal fin 10.2-12.1% of SL; spine length of the anal fin 9.1-10.4% of SL; dorsal-fin base length 36.8-40.5% of SL; second dorsal-fin base length, 24.3-27.5% of SL; a prominent white margin stripe with a reddish extremity respectively on the second dorsal fin and on the anal fin (Ref. 91054).
The type locality, Wermura Creek, emerges from a small cave then flows on about 200 m before disappearing in a subterranean outlet and reappears after 1 km in the mangrove from a large cave and flows to the Arguni Bay. It consists of a crystalline stream, narrow (to about 1 m wide), relatively shallow (up to about 1 m) and flowing in primary forest (Ref. 91054).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kadarusman, R.K. Hadiaty, G. Segura, G. Setiawibawa, D. Caruso and L. Pouyaud, 2012. Four new species of Rainbowfishes (Melanotaeniidae) from Arguni Bay, West Papua, Indonesia. Cybium 36(2):369-382. (Ref. 91054)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .