Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae
(Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: darabensis: Links to Darab (the land of water) referring to Darab city, SE of Shiraz (Fars Province), as the species occurs in a spring near to this city.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: Kol River, Hormuzgan Basin in Iran.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95579)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10 - 13. This species can be diagnosed from its closely related species Aphanius shirini
by having 9-18 flank bars in males (vs. 7-10), small irregular vertical patches of brown color on the flank of females (vs. prominent dark brown blotches of round or irregular shape), and symmetrically shaped triangular to trapezoid otoliths with a rostrum clearly longer than the antirostrum (vs. quadrangular to trapezoid otoliths with short and equally sized rostrum and antirostrum). It differs from other congeners by the combination of four characters in both sexes: longer anal fin (15.5% SL in males, 12.1% SL in females), larger pelvic fin (8.1-12.5% SL in males, 7.04-10.3% SL in females), greater scale width (4.1-6.0% SL), and otolith characters. Furthermore, males possess greater scale length (3.0-4.8% SL) and small caudal peduncle (0.9-1.5% minimum body depth); and females have short caudal fin length (12.7-19.2% SL) (Ref. 95579).
Occurs in low numbers. Threatened mainly by drought and introductions of exotic species, particularly Gambusia holbrooki and Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Ref. 95579).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Esmaeili, H.R., A. Teimori, Z. Gholami and B. Reichenbacher, 2014. Two new species of the tooth-carp Aphanius (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) and the evolutionary history of the Iranian inland and inland-related Aphanius species. Zootaxa 3786(3):246-268. (Ref. 95579)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00661 - 0.01818), b=3.20 (3.07 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .