Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Siphamia: A Swazi word, siphama, for a fish; arabica: Named for the Arabian Peninsula, collecting locations (Oman and United Arab Emirates) of the type specimens (Ref. 90035).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 3 - 16 m (Ref. 90035). Tropical
Indian Ocean: Arabian Peninsula coast of the Gulf of Oman (Ref. 90035).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90035)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Dorsal rays VII+I,9; anal rays II,8; pectoral rays 15-16 (rarely 14); tubed lateral-line scales 6–10; median predorsal scales 3-4; total gill rakers 3-4 + 7-9 = 10-12; developed gill rakers 1 + 6-8; gill rakers on ceratobranchial 6-7. Body depth 2.4-2.6 in SL and body width 2.0-2.1 in the depth; eye diameter 2.9-3.25 in head length; first dorsal spine 2.5-6.4 in second spine; second dorsal spine 3.5-4.6, spine of second dorsal fin 4.0-5.2, and second anal spine 5.4-7.3, all in head length; pectoral-fin length 4.7-5.5 and pelvic-fin length 4.25-4.7 in SL; caudalpeduncle length 1.8-2.3 in distance between pelvic spine insertion and anal-fin origin. Preopercular edge with 25-35 small serrations along its posterior and ventral edge, largest serrations at angle; preopercular ridge smooth. Tip of light organ on each side of tongue bound by membrane. (Ref. 90035).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gon, O. and G.R. Allen, 2012. Revision of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfish genus Siphamia (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 3294:1-84. (Ref. 90035)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.7 - 29.2, mean 27.9 (based on 273 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00722 - 0.03321), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .