Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Hypopomidae
Etymology: Hypopygus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, pyge = tail (Ref. 45335); hoedemani: The specific epithet, hoedemani, is a patronym in honour of J. J. Hoedeman for his contributions to Neotropical ichthyology, including the description of H. lepturus, the type species of the genus (Ref. 88778).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Hypopygus hoedemani is known from small terra firme streams and rivers in the Rio Negro and Rio Preto da Eva drainages of the Amazon basin, Brazil (Ref. 88778).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88778)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Hypopygus hoedemani is diagnosed from congeners by the following combination of characters: the absence of the sixth infraorbital bone (versus presence in all congeners except H. lepturus and H. minissimus), the total number of anal-fin rays (102–118 versus 136–174 in all congeners, except for H. lepturus and H. minissimus), the length of the caudal filament (31.1–48.1% of LEA versus 48.4–80.9 in H. lepturus), the presence of oblique bands (versus absence in H. minissimus), the presence of scales at midbody (versus absence in H. minissimus), and the dorsal rami of intermittent branch of anterior lateral line nerve visible as two black parallel lines (versus not visible in H. ortegai) (Ref. 88778).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
de Santana, C.D. and W.G.R. Crampton, 2011. Phylogenetic interrelationships, taxonomy, and reductive evolution in the Neotropical electric fish genus Hypopygus (Teleostei, Ostariophysi, Gymnotiformes). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 163:1096-1156. (Ref. 88778)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .