Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Microlepidogaster: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, lepis = scale + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335); longicolla: The specific name longicolla is from the Latin longus (long) and collum (neck), meaning long-necked in allusion to the long predorsal region resulting from the posterior shift of the dorsal fin. An adjective. More on authors: Calegari & Reis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: upper reaches of the rio São Bartolomeu, a tributary to the rio Corumbá, itself a tributary to the rio Paranaíba of the upper rio Paraná basin near Brasília in central Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 99822)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6;
Vertebrae: 31 - 33. Distinguished from Microlepidogaster perforatus, the only other species in this genus, by the possession of a continuous lateral line, median lateral plate series reaching, rather than falling short of, the end of the caudal peduncle, a shorter pectoral-fin spine (13.4-16.2 vs. 18.2-21.0% standard length), a smaller interorbital distance (38.9-43.1 vs. 47.7-53.3% head length), more numerous dentary teeth (16-29 vs. 12-15), the anterior margin of the snout naked (vs. the snout completely covered by plates), the preopercle not contacting the fourth postrostral plate (vs. the preopercle contacting and extending to midlength of that plate), the absence of the anterior processes of the supraneural (vs. supraneural bearing a bilateral pair of processes along its anterior margin), and the dorsal fin located more posteriorly relative to the parietosupraoccipital, where the neural spine of the tenth or eleventh vertebral centrum supports the compound supraneural plus first pterygiophore of the dorsal fin (vs. compound supraneural plus first pterygiophore supported by the neural spine of the eighth or ninth vertebra. Exhibits a remarkable suite of secondary sexually dimorphic characters, involving the presence of a conical urogenital papilla in males, the presence of a fleshy flap along the dorsal margin of first thickened pelvic-fin ray of males, longer pelvic fin in males, and a more strongly arched first pelvic-fin ray in females (Ref. 85171).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Calegari, B.B. and R.E. Reis, 2010. A new species of Microlepidogaster (Siluriformes: Loricariidae: Hypoptopomatinae) from the upper rio Paraná basin, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 8(3):625-630. (Ref. 85171)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00221 - 0.01307), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .