Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Nothobranchiidae
Etymology: Nothobranchius: Greek, nothos = false + Greek, brangchia = gill (Ref. 45335); makondorum: Named for the Makonde tribe, inhabiting the SE part of Tanzania and the adjacent part of NE Mozambique.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: southeastern Tanzania and northeastern Mozambique (Ref. 83514).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83514); 5.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13 - 19. A species of Nothobranchius of relatively large size (Ref. 83514). Snout rounded, mouth subterminal, directed upward; dorsal profile slightly concave on head, concave from nape to end of dorsal fin; caudal peduncle profile straight at upper and lower sides (Ref. 83514). Supra-orbital squamation variable, but G-type in most specimens; anterior part of supra-orbital squamation partly covered with epidermal tissue (Ref. 83514). Central supra-orbital neuromast system in two distinct, shallow grooves, both lined with three shallow lobes on both sides; posterior cephalic neuromast system in two curved pits (Ref. 83514).
Annual species; found in water-filled depressions on the floodplain of rivers and creeks or remnant pools of seasonal creeks; water in all pools turbid; during dry season, pools mostly dry up; usually no aquatic vegetation, but with grasses only at the margins of the water bodies; if aquatic vegetation is present, it may include Nymphea, Ottelia, Lagarosiphon, and Utricularia species; no associated fish species were observed (Ref. 83514).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Wildekamp, R.H., K.M. Shidlovskiy and B.R. Watters, 2009. Systematics of Nothobranchius melanospilus species group (Cyprinodontiforme: Nothobranchidae) with description of two new species from Tanzania and Mozambique. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 20(3):237-254. (Ref. 83514)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00438 - 0.02619), b=2.92 (2.71 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .