Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Soleichthys: Latin, solea = sandal (shoe) + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335); maculosus: Named for the conspicuous white spots and blotches forming the distinctive
coloration pattern for this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 37 - 63 m (Ref. 55726), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55726)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 64 - 69;
Vertebrae: 45 - 46. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: ocular-side pigmentation pattern with a series of white spots and blotches without accompanying crossbands (the only member of this genus with this feature); a scaleless, well-developed pectoral fin on the ocular side; the ocular-side pectoral fin having the second dorsal-most ray longer than the first fin ray (Ref. 55726).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Muchhala, N and T.A. Munroe, 2004. A new species of Soleichthys (Soleidae: Pleuronectiformes) from tropical seas off northern Australia. Ichthyol. Res. 51:57-62. (Ref. 55726)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.3 - 28.3, mean 27.4 °C (based on 54 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00466 - 0.02049), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .