Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Otopharynx: Greek, ous = hear + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx (Ref. 45335); antron: The specific epithet is derived from the Greek word antron, which means cave or cavity (Ref. 82798).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 10 - 60 m (Ref. 82798). Tropical
Africa: endemic to Lake Malawi, occurs between Gome and Nametumbwe in Malawi (Ref. 82798).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82798)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 17;
soft rays: 8 - 9. A small to medium-sized cave-dwelling haplochromine with relatively deep body depth with greatest body depth at base of seventh or eighth dorsal spine (Ref. 82798). Otopharynx antron has a larger eye, 31.4-34.7% of head length, than most other Otopharynx species. It has fewer lateral-line scales (29-31) than Otopharynx argyrosoma and a larger lower-jaw length than Otopharynx heterodon (Ref. 82798). It is distinguished from Otopharynx spelaeotes and Otopharynx lithobates by its primarily unicuspid teeth in the outer rows of the oral jaws, by its smaller horizontal eye diameter, by a deeper caudal peduncle, and additionally from O. spelaeotes by having fewer teeth in the outer row of the left lower jaw (15-19) (Ref. 82798).
Cave-dwelling; males have been observed defending small caves with sandy bottom mostly against conspecific males; unicuspid teeth suggest diet of larger invertebrates or even fish (Ref. 82798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cleaver, R.M., A.F. Konings and J.R. Stauffer Jr., 2009. Two new cave-dwelling cichlids of Lake Malaŵi, Africa. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 20(2):163-178. (Ref. 82798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .