Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Hisonotus: Greek, isos = equal + Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335); montanus: altitudes where this species is found. An adjective (Ref. 80996). More on authors: Carvalho & Reis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 27°S - 28°S, 49°W - 51°W
South America: Brazil. Known only from the rio Canoas drainage, a tributary to the upper rio Uruguay basin (Ref. 80996).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80996)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Hisonotus montanus can be distinguished from other congeners, except Hisonotus aky and Hisonotus iota by having an infraorbital canal entering the infraorbital series via the compound pterotic vs.
infraorbital canal entering the infraorbital series via the sphenotic. It is distinguished from Hisonotus aky and Hisonotus iota by having wider light stripes on the dorsal surface of head extending from snout tip to posterior end of compound pterotic, and by the presence of white marks on dorsal surface of head vs. narrow light stripes on dorsal surface of head extending from snout tip to posterior end of compound pterotic, and absence of white marks on dorsal surface of head (Ref. 80996).
Hisonotus montanus is found at high altitudes, about 850 m above the sea level, and represents the species of
Hisonotus occurring in the most elevated portions of the rio Uruguai basin (Ref. 80996).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Carvalho, T.P. and R.R. Reis, 2009. Four new species of Hisonotus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper rio Uruguay, southeastern South America, with a review of the genus in the rio Uruguay basin. Zootaxa 2113:1-40. (Ref. 80996)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00221 - 0.01307), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.1 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .