Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Soleichthys: Latin, solea = sandal (shoe) + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335); oculofasciatus: Name from the Latin words 'oculatus' for having eyes and 'fasciatus' meaning banded; referringto the pigment band encompassing the eyes of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 28 - 49 m (Ref. 76812), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76812)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 68;
Vertebrae: 45 - 46. This species is distinguished from its congeners in having the following set of characters: vertebrae 45-46; dorsal-fin rays 79-81; anal-fin rays 68; lateral-line scales 85-86; ocular side with 11 complete crossbands that are wider than their respective interspaces, 4 conspicuous white spots with 2 arranged in vertical series; 3 crossbands on the head; 2 elongate ocular-side pectoral-fin rays with the first fin ray noticeably longer than the second; no scales on the ocular-side pectoral-fin base and proximal halves of elongated ocular-side pectoral-fin rays (Ref. 76812).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Munroe, T.A. and S.B. Menke, 2004. Two new soleid flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes: Soleidae: Soleichthys) from Australian waters, with a re-description of Soleichthys microcephalus (Günther). Rec. Aust. Mus. 56:247-258. (Ref. 76812)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 26.2, mean 24.7 °C (based on 13 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00466 - 0.02049), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .