Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Heptapteridae
Etymology: Rhamdella: Brazilian vernacular name, Nhamdia/Jamdia (Ref. 45335); cainguae: Named from the Guarani, ca'á (forest), and iguá (inhabitant), in reference to the Cainguá, indigenous people of northeastern Argentina.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
South America: known only from Arroyo Cuña-Pirú, Río Paraná basin in Argentina.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75872)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 16 - 18. Presence of a distinct and large ovoid area in the supraorbital laterosensory canal between the frontal and sphenotic delimited by the apparently slender dorsal walls of these bones and with foramen for a laterosensory branch. Differs further from other species of Rhamdella by the following combination of characters: barbel tip reaching from the base of pectoral-fin ray in a specimen measuring 8.80 cm SL, to the posterior portion of opercular region, not surpassing the branchial slit, in a 15.75 cm SL specimen; horizontal eye diameter 20.6-23.9% of HL; interorbital distance 17.9-20.7% of HL; snout profile slightly convex but almost straight; branchiostegal rays seven, branchiostegal membranes not reaching the basal part of the first pectoral-fin ray in most specimens; interdorsal length 7.6-11.3% of SL; adipose-fin base length 36.0-41.6% of SL; anal-fin base length 16.6-22.0% of SL; anal-fin rays 16-18, commonly 17; and length of ventral caudal-fin lobe is 55.8-65.5% of length of dorsal lobe in males; snout length 37.9-43.2% of HL; pelvic fin length 13.3-16.9% of SL; a dense concentration of long and slender papillae on the lateral body surface in the pectoral and abdominal regions, most conspicuous near the lateral line, resulting in a hairy aspect; and by the presence of a distinct narrow dark mid lateral stripe (Ref. 75872).
Occurs over rocky bottoms in a clear water stream, approximately 0.5 - 1 m deep, with pools around 3 m deep, running through a densely forested area (Ref. 75872). Tends to be gregarious as individuals were observed in dense group under large stones (Ref. 75872).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bockmann, F.A. and A.M. Miquelarena, 2008. Anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of a new catfish species from northeastern Argentina with comments on the phylogenetic relationships of the genus Rhamdella Eigenmann and Eigenmann 1888 (Siluriformes, Heptapteridae). Zootaxa 1780:1-54. (Ref. 75872)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00349 - 0.01649), b=2.99 (2.81 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .