Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Psilorhynchidae
Etymology: Psilorhynchus: Greek, psilos = hairless + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335); amplicephalus: Derived from ampli (wide, broad), and cephalic (head), in reference to its relatively broad head.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Balishwar river in Assam, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75068)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7. Body spindle-shaped and subcylindrical, and head anteriorly compressed. Other diagnostic characters include scaleless abdomen, horizontally placed pectoral and pelvic fins, 35-36 scales along the lateral line series, dark brownish spots in the predorsal region and along the sides of the body, relatively bigger head, deeper body and smaller mouth; hump-like shape in the predorsal region of bigger specimens (Ref. 75068).
Inhabits river with more water current and sandy bottom. Prefers sandy substrate with horizontally placed pectoral fin suited to withstand the water flow (Ref. 75068).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Arunachalam, M., M. Muralidharan and P. Sivakumar, 2007. Psilorhynchus amplicephalus, a new species from Balishwar River of Assam, India. Curr. Sci. 92(10):1352-1354. (Ref. 75068)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00181 - 0.00961), b=3.16 (2.95 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .