Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae
(Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335); synergos: Named for Synergos Institute, founded by Peggy Dulany, on its twentieth anniversary; noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; depth range - 3 m (Ref. 74958), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 74958)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 4 - 6;
soft rays: 19 - 22. This rainbowfish is distinguished by the following set of characters: D IV to VI-I,11-14; A I,19-22; pectoral rays 13 or 14; lateral scales 31-33 (often 33); colour generally brownish on back (blue in life), pale tan or whitish below with blackish (bluish black in life) midlateral stripe from upper edge of preopercle to caudal-fin base, covering about one and a half scale rows for most of its
length and more strongly contrasted in males (Ref. 74958).
Inhabits narrow (to about 15-20 m wide), clear rivers with gradual gradients flowing initially through second growth forest, but entering primary, nearly closed canopy forest after about 1 km upstream from the sea. Collected from deeper pools (to about 2-3 m) over limestone cobble/-gravel bottoms with slow to moderate flow rates; temperature of 25.5° and pH 8.7 (Ref. 74958).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and P.J. Unmack, 2008. A new species of rainbowfish (Melanotaeniidae: Melanotaenia), from Batanta Island, Western New Guinea. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 13(3-4):109-120. (Ref. 74958)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .