Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Rocio: Named for the author's wife. In Spanish, the name means morning dew, in allusion to the resplendent spots on cheek and sides of some species, R. gemmata.; gemmata: Name fro Latin 'gemmata' meaning 'bejeweled', referring to the large, bright green and blue cheek and opercle spots in life; an adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
North America: apparently endemic to the eastern Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 74403)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8. This species is characterized by the following: spots on the sides are larger than scales and not clearly aligned (vs. smaller than scales and rather well-aligned); stripe from the snout to the eye is interrupted (vs. continuous); quadrate bone with a spine (vs. none); maxilla reaching both a vertical and a horizontal line from orbit (vs. just to the ventral rim); cheek-scale rows modally 7 (vs. 6 or fewer); interradial scales on dorsal fin arranged in a row (vs. distally in two rows); dorsal and anal fins without filaments (vs. bearing filaments); anal and medial gut-loops not adjacent, well separated by the stomach and the liver (vs. always adjacent); rostral end of maxilla is notched or at least concave (vs. convex, notch absent); caudal ocellus blue in life (vs. white) (Ref. 74403).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2007. A systematic revision of the genus Archocentrus (Perciformes: Cichlidae), with the description of two new genera and six new species. Zootaxa 1603:1-78. (Ref. 74403)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03236 (0.01436 - 0.07291), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .