Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Diancistrus: Greek, di = two + Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335); karinae: Named for Karin Bloch, wife of Jørgen Nielsen. More on authors: Schwarzhans, Møller & Nielsen.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 16 m (Ref. 57884). Tropical
Western Central Pacific: from the Philippines to the northern tip of Sulawesi (Indonesia) in the west and the oceanic islands of Palau, Pohnpei (Micronesia) and Hermit (PNG) islands in the east.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57884); 8.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 61 - 68;
Vertebrae: 43 - 46. This species is characterized by the following: Vertebrae 11-12+32-35=43-46, dorsal fin rays 78-83, anal fin rays 61-68; very large eyes (2.7-3.8% SL), D/V 7; outer pseudoclasper large, about 1 1/2 length of inner pseudoclasper, wing-shaped, flat and its posterior part strongly bent backward; inner pseudoclasper joined to outer pseudoclasper anteriorly, long, single-pointed tip strongly extending over anterior part of inner pseudoclasper; scale patch on cheek with 5-6 scale rows on upper cheek, large scale patch on operculum continuous above and below opercular spine; head high, usually high-necked; otolith length to height ratio 2.0-2.1 (Ref. 57884).
Solitary inhabitant of coral reef crevices to at least 16 m depth, cryptic (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schwarzhans, W., P.R. Møller and J.G. Nielsen, 2005. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei, Bythitidae) of the Indo-West-Pacific. Part I. Diancistrus and two new genera with 26 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museum and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 21:73-163. (Ref. 57884)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.4 - 29.3, mean 28.9 (based on 944 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00178 - 0.01122), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .