Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Danioninae
Etymology: kheeli: Named for Theodore W. Kheel in recognition of his enduring support for nature conservation and sustainable development around the globe (Ref. 57537).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range ? - 2 m (Ref. 57537). Tropical
Africa: known only from the lower Congo River (Ref. 57537) and the Inkisi River (lower Congo River basin) (Ref. 88779, 120641) in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57537)
soft rays: 15 - 16;
Vertebrae: 42 - 43. Diagnosis: Distinguished from its congeners by an elevated number of pored lateral-line scales (65-68 vs. 60 or fewer); a lower anal-fin ray count (iii,12-13 vs. iii,15); a large terminal black spot at the caudal-fin base (vs. absence); presence of vertical barring on the flanks (vs. none); unique configuration of lateral barring, consisting of a dominant row of 15-17 short ovoid bars or spots passing a little above mid-body level, and a secondary row of somewhat less distinct ovoid spots or bars positioned over the lateral line; the 2 rows separate in adults, merged in juveniles (Ref. 57537).
Captured in deeper stretches of open water in relatively fast-flowing waters; in complex habitats of alternating riffles and pools, on rocky substrate (Ref. 57537).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stiassny, M.L.J., R.C. Schelly and U.K. Schliewen, 2006. A new species of Raiamas (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Lower Congo River, with a phylogenetic assessment of the generic limits of the predatory cyprinid genera Opsaridium, Raiamas, and Leptocypris. Copeia 2006(3):370-377. (Ref. 57537)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00273 - 0.01268), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .