Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherinidae
(Silversides) > Atherinomorinae
Etymology: Atherinomorus: Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic. Subtropical
Indo-West Pacific: known only from western and eastern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36661); max. reported age: 2.00 years (Ref. 9760)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 6 - 8;
soft rays: 12 - 15;
Vertebrae: 40 - 43. Upper margin of dentary slightly ascending distally, without a distinct tubercle at the posterior end; posterior tip of upper jaw not extending beyond a vertical through anterior margin of pupil; midlateral scale count 39-42; midlateral band narrow, width about 2/3 to 5/6 that of midlateral scale at level of anal fin origin (Ref. 41049).
Found in shallow coastal waters, including bays and estuaries (Ref. 36661); can tolerate salinity as low as 3 parts per thousand (Ref. 9760). Usually in schools (Ref. 36661). Feeds on amphipods, copepods, isopods, crab and barnacle larvae, polychaetes, gastropods, chironomid midges, hymenopterans, ants, foraminiferans, and plant matter (Ref. 9760). Opportunistic feeder (Ref. 9760). Probably used as bait and for fishmeal (Ref. 9760).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kimura, S., Y. Iwatsuki and T. Yoshino, 2001. Validity of the atherinid fish, Atherinomorus vaigiensis (Quoy and Gaimard, 1825), with comments on its synonymy. Ichthyol. Res. 48(4):379-384. (Ref. 41049)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00243 - 0.01302), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 237 [119, 456] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.46 [1.38, 4.54] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.4, 22.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.677 [0.265, 1.711] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.3 [8.1, 43.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 24.8 [7.8, 75.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.78 [1.21, 2.79] mg/100g (wet weight);