Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Trichomycteridae
(Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichomycterinae
Etymology: Ituglanis: Greek, itys, ityos = circle + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335); passensis: From its type locality, the Passa Três cave.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.6 - 8.4; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 46923). Tropical; 19°C - 23°C (Ref. 46923)
South America: known only from Passa Três cave, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39970)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 36. Reduced dark pigmentation on the head and body where pigmentation varies from yellowish to light gray, with scattered melanophores limited to the dorsal region of the body. Degree of development of the eyes ranges from their appearing as black dots to being externally invisible. Maxillary barbel extending to the anterior margin of pectoral fin. First pectoral-fin ray, a short filament. Ribs 7. Head length 16-17% SL. Premaxilla rectangular with 3-4 rows; outer row conical (Ref. 46923).
Occurs in small riffles with slow current 15-20 cm deep on average. Exhibits crypto-biotic habits, hiding in the gravel bottom or under limestone blocks. No observed agonistic behavior (Ref. 46923).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fernández, L. and M.E. Bichuette, 2002. A new cave dwelling species of Ituglanis from the São Domingos karst, central Brazil (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(3):273-278. (Ref. 46923)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00160 - 0.01085), b=3.09 (2.86 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .