Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); caudistigmus: Name refers to the presence of an oval-shaped caudal-fin marking. More on authors: Last, Burgess & Séret.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 638 - 793 m (Ref. 45056). Deep-water
Western Central Pacific: New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 45056); 33.9 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body moderately firm, slightly compressed body. Dorsal and ventral coloration dark; fins dark distally. Caudal peduncle rather elongate (ca 2.2 times greatest horizontal length of D1 including spine, about 1/5 TL). Mouth relatively broad, 1.4 times eye length. Upper eyelid with pale naked patch. Denticles short, robust, arranged in regular rows. Flank-marking posterior branch truncate and merging ventrally with post-pelvic marking. Anterior part of caudal base marking very broad, enveloping ventral surface and extending to flanks; central caudal oval, well separated from caudal base marking; upper caudal marking straight . Monospondylous centra 40 (Ref. 45056).
Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ovoviviparous, distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Last, P., G.H. Burgess and B. Séret, 2002. Description of six new species of lantern-sharks of the genus Etmopterus (Squaloidea: Etmopteridae) from the Australasian region. Cybium 26(3):203-223. (Ref. 45056)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 3.5, mean 2.6 °C (based on 858 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00178 - 0.00811), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .