Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
More on authors: Smith & Radcliffe.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 2 - 15 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Color in life hyaline pearl; a brownish -red stripe from snout to eye, another from eye to throat, another across nape and 3 downward from base of spinous dorsal (more or less olivaceous). Spinous dorsal and pelvic fins mottled finely with brownish; other fins without (Ref. 11356).
The 4.7 cm SL holotype found with nearly ripe eggs (Ref. 11356). Solitary among Sinularia soft corals (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Radcliffe, L., 1912. Descriptions of fifteen new fishes of the family Cheilodipteridae, from the Philippine Islands and contiguous waters. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 41(1868):431-446. (Ref. 11356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.6 - 29.2, mean 28.8 °C (based on 692 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00690 - 0.03171), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .