Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Hemigaleidae
Etymology: Chaenogaleus: chaeno-, from chaino (Gr.), gape, referring to “rictus as long as wide”; galeos, a small shark or dogfish per Aristotle (sometimes translated as weasel, hence the name Weasel Sharks, possibly referring to the pointed snouts, swift movements and/or rapacious feeding behavior of smaller predatory sharks1), but in this case probably an allusion to Hemigaleus, original genus of C. macrostoma. (See ETYFish); macrostoma: macro-, from makros (Gr.), large or long; stoma (Gr.), mouth, referring to long, greatly arched mouth compared with Hemigaleus microstoma, its presumed congener at the time. (See ETYFish).
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 59 m (Ref. 244). Tropical; 30°N - 10°S
Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref. 13567), Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam, China, Taiwan, Java and Sulawesi in Indonesia. This name has been used indiscriminately for the three species of hemigaleids in Indo-Pakistani waters other than Hemipristis elongatus.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 82.5, range 68 - 97 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244)
A common inshore and offshore shark found on the continental and insular shelves (Ref. 13567). Probably feeds on small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans (Ref. 244). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Caught irregularly by inshore gillnet fisheries and occasionally by small-scale longlining (Ref.58048). Probably taken by artisanal fisheries wherever it occurs (Ref. 13567). Utilized fresh for human consumption and by-products processed into fishmeal (Ref. 244).
Viviparous (with a yolk-sac placenta), with 4 young in a litter (Ref. 244). Size at birth at least 20 cm (Ref. 244). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 1082 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00223 - 0.00469), b=3.02 (2.92 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100).