Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Nemipterus: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 30 - 80 m (Ref. 9785). Tropical; 20°N - 25°S, 94°E - 170°E (Ref. 3810)
Indo-West Pacific: Phuket Island, Andaman Sea, the Philippines, Indonesia, and New Caledonia. This species has been referred to as Nemipterus balinensis by authors.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635); common length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)
soft rays: 7. Suborbital spine absent. Preopercle with 3 transverse scale rows. Pectoral fins short, not reaching to anus. Pelvic fins moderately long, reaching to or just beyond anus. Upper lobe of caudal fin slightly longer than lower lobe. A line drawn up from the posterior edge of suborbital reaching the dorsal profile behind origin of dorsal fin. Axillary scale present. Color: Upper part of body pale silvery-rose, silvery below. Can be distinguished from N. balinensis by its shallower suborbital depth (4.1 to 6.7 in eye) and shorter pectoral fin.
Occurs on sand or mud bottoms (Ref. 3810) of the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Rarely seen in markets (Ref. 3810).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 28.4, mean 27.5 (based on 374 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00608 - 0.02271), b=2.90 (2.74 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .