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Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes, 1830)

Fork-tailed threadfin bream
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
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Nemipterus furcosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Nemipterus furcosus (Fork-tailed threadfin bream)
Nemipterus furcosus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Nemipteridae (Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Nemipterus: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 8 - 110 m (Ref. 9785). Tropical; 34°N - 26°S, 76°E - 172°E (Ref. 3810)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Maldives (Ref. 30829), Gulf of Mannar, Sri Lanka, Andaman Sea, Strait of Malacca and northwestern Australia. Western Pacific: southern Japan to northeastern Australia. Most authors have incorrectly applied the name Nemipterus peronii to this species.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 16.6, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635); common length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)

Short description Identification keys | Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7. Suborbital spine absent. Preopercle with 3 transverse scale rows. Pectoral fins moderately long, reaching to or just short of level of anus. Pelvic fins moderately long, reaching to or just short of level anus. A line drawn up from posterior edge of suborbital reaching the dorsal profile at about the origin of dorsal fin. Females predominate at small sizes while males dominate the larger size classes. Maybe a sequential hermaphrodite. Axillary scale present. Color: Upper body iridescent pink, silvery white below. Lower margin of caudal fin white.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits sandy and muddy bottoms; also in sheltered estuaries (Ref. 48635). Feeds mainly on crustaceans and small fishes. Principal catch in the Taiwanese pair-trawl fishery off the coast of northwestern Australia. Good food fish (Ref. 171).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturities | Reproduction | Spawnings | Egg(s) | Fecundities | Larvae

Females predominate at small size classes while males dominate the larger size classes, and there is some evidence that this species is a sequential hermaphrodite.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 March 2015


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Trophic ecology
Food items
Diet compositions
Food consumptions
Food rations
Life cycle
Spawning aggregations
Egg developments
Larval dynamics
FAO areas
BRUVS - Videos
Gill areas
Body compositions
Oxygen consumptions
Swimming type
Swimming speeds
Visual pigment(s)
Fish sounds
Diseases / Parasites
Toxicities (LC50s)
Human related
Aquaculture systems
Aquaculture profiles
Ciguatera cases
Stamps, coins, misc.


Special reports

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 24.8 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 1360 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.01135 - 0.01678), b=2.97 (2.93 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.25-0.4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 148 [33, 400] mg/100g; Iron = 0.636 [0.184, 2.056] mg/100g; Protein = 18.9 [17.0, 20.7] %; Omega3 = 0.192 [0.090, 0.430] g/100g; Selenium = 25.8 [8.6, 77.9] μg/100g; VitaminA = 39 [6, 247] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.03 [0.53, 3.29] mg/100g (wet weight);