Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Abudefduf: Arabic, abu = father; this fish is the leader of the reef against other species (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 58652), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 33°N - 35°S, 32°E - 143°W (Ref. 56027)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Pinda, Mozambique (Ref. 4391) and the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe and Rapa islands. Not recorded from the Hawaiian Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Adults inhabit inshore and offshore coral or rocky reefs. Also in shallow coastal reef flats or crests, usually where lots of tall soft corals or hydroid colonies are present (Ref. 48636). Often found in groups feeding at midwater or tending nests among rocks and coral ledges (Ref. 90102). Feed on zooplankton and algae and aggregates high in the water column (Ref. 9710). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 3258 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02291 (0.01339 - 0.03920), b=3.05 (2.91 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 64.6 [39.4, 100.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.674 [0.447, 1.069] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [17.5, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.128 [0.082, 0.193] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.7 [15.0, 48.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 60.8 [18.5, 190.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.42 [0.96, 2.08] mg/100g (wet weight);