Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Lycengraulis: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 9°N - 7°S
South America: drainage (Orinoco, as far up as the Rio Manacacias in Colombia, rivers of the Guianas, and Amazon at least as far up as Teffe and the Jutahi River - if specimens were identified correctly - and even as far up as the Ucayali, Huallaga and Moroña Rivers of the upper Amazon).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 17 - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
soft rays: 26 - 30. Snout about 3/4 eye diameter, maxilla moderate, tip pointed, reaching almost to or just beyond front margin of pre-operculum. gill rakers short and stumpy. Dorsal fin origin well behind midpoint of body; anal fin origin below first to fourth branched dorsal fin rays. Silver stripe along flank, twice eye diameter at widest, lost in fishes over 10 to 12 cm SL; curve of black dots on operculum (Ref. 189).
Occurs far up rivers, but apparently reaches down to river mouths. Carnivorous, feeds on small fishes and probably crustaceans (Ref. 12225). A ripe female of 17.2 cm SL was recorded at Tucupita, Orinoco delta in Venezuela.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00441 - 0.01086), b=3.05 (2.92 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.62 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .