Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Epigonidae
Etymology: Epigonus: Greek, epi = over, in front + Greek, gonio = angle (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 180 - 400 m (Ref. 31632), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 30°S - 44°S, 74°W - 71°W
Southeast Pacific: off Chile.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43868); 46.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9. Opercular spine present. Horizontal diameter of the eye is less than the postorbital part of the head. Body deep (24-32 percent SL) (Ref. 31632). Caudal fin weakly forked, with rather deep caudal peduncle (Ref. 27363).
A mesobenthic-pelagic species living mainly above the bottom (Ref. 31632). Juveniles have been captured from midwater (Ref. 27363).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Abramov, A.A., 1992. Species composition and distribution of Epigonus (Epigonidae) in the world ocean. J. Ichthyol. 32(5):94-108. (Ref. 31632)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.2 - 10.9, mean 7.4 °C (based on 12 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00726 - 0.02086), b=2.97 (2.82 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 22 [12, 41] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.298 [0.178, 0.504] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [17.2, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.34 [0.20, 0.57] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.8 [8.9, 39.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.7 [3.9, 52.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.455 [0.322, 0.653] mg/100g (wet weight);