Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherinidae
(Silversides) > Atherinomorinae
Etymology: Atherinomorus: Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 19°N - 24°S
Western Central Pacific: Philippines and Micronesia to northern Australia and the Solomon Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
(total): 5 - 7;
soft rays: 11 - 14. Pectoral blotch, when present, distinct; midlateral band silvery (Ref. 9760). Ramus of premaxilla not extending past vertical through anterior border of pupil; Free edge of lower jaw sloping backwards and upwards and with distinct tubercle at posterior end.
Found in shallow coastal waters. Schools with A. lacunosus, A. ogilbyi, Craterocephalus mugiloides, and Hypoatherina temminckii, in the coasts of northern Australia.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley, 1991. Review of the Australian silverside fishes of the genus Atherinomorus (Atherinidae). Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 42(5):479-505. (Ref. 2909)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.7 - 29.1, mean 28.3 °C (based on 890 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00244 - 0.01296), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 159 [66, 353] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.61, 2.14] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [16.7, 21.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.26 [0.09, 0.73] g/100g ; Selenium = 23 [10, 61] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 363 [93, 1,429] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.22 [1.35, 3.74] mg/100g (wet weight);