Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); perryi: Named after Perry W. Gilbert (Ref. 27618).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 283 - 439 m (Ref. 27618). Deep-water
Western Central Atlantic: Colombia and Venezuela.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27618); 20.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body strongly marked with light and dark areas, streaks and spots; very small (probably the smallest shark) with a somewhat flattened head and snout (its depth 2/3 or less than its width); moderately large eyes; slender, needle-shaped denticles in random, dense array; fins moderately large.
Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Springer, S. and G.H. Burgess, 1985. Two new dwarf dogsharks (Etmopterus, Squalidae), found off the Caribbean coast of Colombia. Copeia 1985(3):584-591. (Ref. 27618)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.6 - 13.8, mean 11.9 °C (based on 10 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00178 - 0.00811), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .