Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Genypterus: Greek, geny, -yos = face, jaw + Greek, pteron, = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 50 - 500 m (Ref. 4103), usually 250 - 350 m (Ref. 27121). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 21°S - 37°S, 12°E - 28°E (Ref. 34024)
Eastern Atlantic: Walvis Bay, Namibia to Algoa Bay, South Africa. Distinctiveness of this species and Genypterus blacodes is unclear (Ref. 34024).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 60 - 75 cm
Max length : 180 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3686); max. published weight: 15.0 kg (Ref. 9988)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Occur in rocky areas of the shelf and upper continental slope. Juveniles found in shallow waters than adults (Ref. 36731). Benthic and common species (Ref. 34024). Feed on dragonets, mantis shrimps, hake, squid, and various fishes (Ref. 27121). Spawning occurs from August to October. Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205). Utilized fresh and frozen; can be fried and baked (Ref. 9988).
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9 - 15.5, mean 9.5 °C (based on 14 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00234 (0.00122 - 0.00451), b=3.15 (2.98 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.61 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.06-0.14; tm=4-5).
Prior r = 0.17, 95% CL = 0.11 - 0.26, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (73 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 11.9 [6.6, 23.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.242 [0.144, 0.412] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.7 [14.0, 17.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.258 [0.137, 0.465] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.9 [13.9, 68.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.6 [3.0, 40.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.257 [0.179, 0.373] mg/100g (wet weight);