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Leiopotherapon unicolor  (Günther, 1859)

Spangled perch
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Image of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Spangled perch)
Leiopotherapon unicolor
Picture by Aland, G.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Terapontidae (Grunters or tigerperches)
Etymology: Leiopotherapon: Greek, leios, leipo = fat + Greek, therapon = server, someone that cares (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 15°C - 30°C (Ref. 2060)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Oceania: Endemic to Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit forest streams to desert bores under equally variable regimes of salinity (pure fresh to seawater), pH (4.0 to 8.6) and temperature (5° to 44° C). Occur in billabongs, lakes and dams. May be encountered in any temporary water in the interior after rains, including wheel ruts of vehicle tracks (Ref. 44894). Omnivorous, feed on insects, crustaceans, mollusks and plants. A hardy species that may be capable of surviving droughts by aestivating in wet mud or under moist little on the bottom of ephemeral waterholes. Spawning occurs on summer nights (November onwards) when water temperatures reach 20°-26°C. Fish moves upstream in rivers or to the shallows in lakes and ponds to spawn on soft substrates. The eggs hatch in 2 days and larval development is complete in about 24 days (Ref. 44894). Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205). Neither anterolateral glandular grooves nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Synchronised oocyte development. Mature adults migrate to the upper reaches of rivers and creeks to spawn during floods (Ref. 35356). Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. (Ref. 5259)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 57406)

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00764 - 0.02493), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 1,727).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.