Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Scombridae
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Sarda: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref. 45335). More on author: Girard.
This species was usually referred to as a subspecies of Sarda chiliensis Cuvier, 1832. Until further work, it is elevated here at species rank following Clemens & Wilby (1961: Ref. 4925).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 61°N - 20°N
Northeast Pacific: Off the coast of Alaska (60°16'N, 145°32'W) to Cabo San Lucas at the tip of Baja California (22°20'N, 112°27'W) and Revillagigedo Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 102 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); max. published weight: 11.3 kg (Ref. 168)
An inshore species that forms schools by size (Ref. 168). Feeds on a variety of small schooling fishes, squids and shrimps (Ref. 168). An important food fish (Ref. 4925).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McAllister, D.E., 1990. A list of the fishes of Canada. Syllogeus No. 64. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ottawa, Canada. 310 p. (Ref. 11980)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.6 - 17.8, mean 10.3 °C (based on 68 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00466 - 0.01957), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.60 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 33.1 [19.3, 55.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.49 [1.50, 4.33] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.8 [19.8, 21.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.406 [0.194, 0.845] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.1 [19.6, 52.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.5 [5.1, 36.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.541 [0.396, 0.827] mg/100g (wet weight);