Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: 4 - 15. Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 13371)
Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and upper Myanmar. Widely transported around the world (Ref. 1739).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41236)
(total): 15 - 17;
soft rays: 14 - 19;
Vertebrae: 27. Body elongate and strongly compressed. Mouth small, slightly protrusible; upper lip papillose, especially in old males. Preorbital serrate in young specimen. Color greenish with oblique orange or bluish bars descending downwards and backwards from the back to the anal fin. Vertical fins with alternating dark and pale spots or bars; the anal fin often with a red margin.
Obligate air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Occurs in large rivers, estuaries, ditches, ponds (Ref. 4833) and lakes, generally preferring weedy environment (Ref. 41236). An air-breathing species (Ref. 118402).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male defends the bubble-nest. Lays 500-600 eggs.
Menon, A.G.K., 1999. Check list - fresh water fishes of India. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Misc. Publ., Occas. Pap. No. 175, 366 p. (Ref. 41236)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00930 - 0.02579), b=2.96 (2.82 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=500-600 eggs (Ref. 1672)).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 327 [77, 1,007] mg/100g; Iron = 2.69 [0.99, 6.70] mg/100g; Protein = 16.2 [14.9, 17.5] %; Omega3 = 0.259 [0.090, 0.743] g/100g; Selenium = 36.4 [15.2, 83.9] μg/100g; VitaminA = 26.7 [10.2, 68.2] μg/100g; Zinc = 2.04 [1.34, 3.09] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.