Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Apistogramma: Greek, apisto = uncertain + Greek, gramma = graphic signal (Ref. 45335); diplotaenia: Named for its colour pattern, Greek 'diploos' for double and 'taenia' for stripe; noun in apposition (Ref. 86447). More on author: Kullander.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 6.5; dH range: 6 - 20. Tropical; 24°C - 29°C (Ref. 13614)
South America: Amazon River basin, in the middle Negro River from San Carlos to the Arirará River.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377); 4.5 cm TL (female)
Vertebrae: 24 - 25. This elongate (depth 25.1-27.8% of SL), relatively small (<30 mm SL) species is distinguished by the following set of characters: presence of anguloarticular lateralis canal; four lateralis canal foramina on dentary; two infraorbital bones, second with three foramina; serrated posttemporal, supracleithrum and preoperculum; bi- or tri-serial jaw dentition; no scales on anterior chest region; males with low dorsal fin, caudal fin elongately rounded, soft dorsal, anal and pelvic fins with prolonged tips; a unique colour pattern with two horizontal bands on side, converging posteriorly and anteriorly, a ventrally widened suborbital stripe continued across branchiostegal membrane and 3 spots associated with pectoral fin base (2 on medial side of axilla, 1 on lateral side on bases of rays) (Ref. 86447).
Eggs are deposited on the ceiling of caves and are tendered by the female parent (Ref. 47893). Attains a maximum length 2.92 cm SL (Ref. 98797).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs are attached to the roof of caves, female cares for eggs and larvae (Ref. 47893).
Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00785 - 0.03846), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec<1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .