Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Apistogramma: Greek, apisto = uncertain + Greek, gramma = graphic signal (Ref. 45335). More on author: Kullander.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 6.5; dH range: 2 - 4. Tropical; 23°C - 30°C (Ref. 13371)
South America: upper Meta River drainage (Guaytiquía and Metica rivers), Orinoco River basin in Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377); 5.0 cm (female)
Maximum length is 7.0 cm TL (Ref. 36377). Aquarium keeping: several females for one male; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539). The eggs are attached to the ceiling of caves, female cares for eggs and larvae (Ref. 47893).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Produces 60-120 eggs. The eggs are attached to the ceiling of caves, female cares for eggs and larvae (Ref. 47893). Like other Apistogramma, this species may participate in harem spawning where the male services more than one female in his secret spawning site which may either be a cave or thick vegetation (Ref. 12251).
Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00737 - 0.03739), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=60-120).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .