Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Amphiprioninae
Etymology: Amphiprion: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, prion, -onos = saw (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 18 m (Ref. 1602), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 10°N - 30°S
Pacific Ocean: Eastern Indonesia (Bali and Sulawesi eastward), south-eastern Philippines, Papua New Guinea, eastern Queensland, Coral Sea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia Palau and Islands of Micronesia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - 5.5 cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 237)
Adults inhabit lagoon and outer reef environments. Feed predominantly on planktonic copepods and algae. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Associated with the anemones: Entacmaea quadricolor (usually), Heteractis crispa (occasionally), and Heteractis magnifica (rarely) (Ref. 5911). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35404, 35413, 35420).
Benthic spawner. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Also Ref. 7471.
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.1 - 29.3, mean 28.7 °C (based on 1672 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02138 (0.01131 - 0.04040), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.53; tm=1.67; tmax=5; Fec=7,200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 82.8 [47.5, 138.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.778 [0.504, 1.269] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.2, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.129 [0.077, 0.206] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.7 [12.4, 46.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 65.9 [18.2, 234.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.7 [1.1, 2.6] mg/100g (wet weight);