Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 9003). Temperate
Southwest Pacific: endemic to New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9003)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9. Head and body purple or cream with blue spots. A band of pale color across nape. Distinguished from other clingfishes by its thin lips, exposed flap of skin across the snout and a small fleshy swelling at the base of the pectoral fin.
Occurs in rock pools and the subtidal zone. Usually found beneath the spines of sea urchins. Individuals too large to be associated with sea urchins usually found beneath rocks or among shell debris. Feeds mainly on the tube feet and pedicellariae of its host sea urchins, Evechinus chloroticus (Ref. 33548) and on small crustaceans.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paulin, C. and C. Roberts, 1992. The rockpool fishes of New Zealand (Te ika aaria o Aotearoa). Museum of New Zealand (Te Papa Tongarewa). 177 p. (Ref. 9003)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.6 - 18.5, mean 16.2 °C (based on 104 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00176 - 0.01185), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 126 [64, 279] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.404 [0.236, 0.760] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.3, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.582 [0.308, 1.169] g/100g ; Selenium = 12.4 [5.5, 29.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 36.6 [10.7, 118.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.06 [0.68, 1.64] mg/100g (wet weight);