Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Calotomus: Greek, kalos, kallos = beautiful + Greek, tomos = section, cut (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 12 - 170 m (Ref. 525). Tropical
Pacific Ocean: Midway and Hawaiian islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 25. When fresh, reddish brown to brown dorsally, reddish to almost white ventrally; irregular fine whitish marks on scales. Head with white speckling; a reddish transverse band on chin, followed by a diffuse white band; reddish iris. Whitish pectoral fins, base reddish brown; 3 narrow irregular brownish red stripes on whitish pelvic fins. Pungent dorsal spines; rounded caudal fin at all sizes. Skin dark around anus, almost black. Lateral line interrupted.
Occurs in areas of coral rock with coral or rubble, from the lower surge zone to at least 10 m (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Protogynous (Ref. 55080).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pair spawnings involved an initial- and a terminal-phase fish; group spawnings involve several of both. Investigations strongly suggest that the species is gonochoristic.
Bruce, R.W. and J.E. Randall, 1985. A revision of the Indo-West Pacific parrotfish genera Calotomus and Leptoscarus (Scaridae: Sparisomatinae). Indo-Pac. Fish. (5):32 p. (Ref. 525)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.9 - 21.7, mean 13.5 °C (based on 11 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.00817 - 0.05342), b=2.98 (2.75 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 33.1 [13.4, 113.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.61 [0.24, 1.62] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.3, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.0747 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 13 [4, 40] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 20.3 [5.2, 74.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.93 [0.82, 3.67] mg/100g (wet weight);