Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Hemitripteridae
(Sea ravens or sailfin sculpins)
Etymology: Hemitripterus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, tres, tria = three + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); bolini: Named after R.L. Bolin, U.S. ichthyologist (Ref.6885). More on author: Myers.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 25 - 925 m (Ref. 6793), usually 200 - 300 m (Ref. 57943). Temperate
North Pacific: Bering Sea to the Aleutian chain and Eureka, California, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 73.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48798); max. reported age: 23 years (Ref. 122394)
(total): 13 - 14;
soft rays: 13. Caudal fin rounded (Ref. 6885). Color mottled gray or brown above, paler below; four or five vague darker saddles across back; two tan stripes across head; red below anterior part of spinous dorsal; mottled red brown on membranes of spinous dorsal fin, lighter between fifth and eighth spines; chestnut brown on rayed dorsal with pale gray marbling; on pectorals alternating bands of yellow brown, light gray, and dark brown; light gray with fine black speckling and orange patches on anal fin; on caudal fin dark reddish brown with fine vertical stripes of gray brown (Ref. 6885).
Occurs offshore (Ref. 2850).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.7 - 5.5, mean 1.6 °C (based on 106 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6289 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00528 - 0.02278), b=3.07 (2.88 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .