Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Lumpenidae
Etymology: Leptoclinus: Greek, leptos = thin + Greek, klinein, kline = sloping and bed, due to the four apophyses of sphenoid bone (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 2 - 607 m (Ref. 58426), usually - m (Ref. ). Polar; -2°C - 2°C (Ref. 120227); 79°N - 43°N, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 86838)
Circumpolar: Arctic to temperate waters; northern hemisphere. Arctic Alaska to Sea of Okhotsk, northern Sea of Japan, Unalaska Island in the Aleutian chain and Puget Sound, Washington, USA. North Atlantic: Arctic to Labrador in Canada; along Scandinavia from Skagerrak to Finnmarken, common at Murmansk, White Sea, Iceland and Greenland (Ref. 10006). The Pacific form is sometimes treated as a subspecies Leptoclinus maculatus diaphanocarus (Ref. 51666).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.5, range 13 - 13 cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388)
Adults, juveniles, and late postlarvae are found on sandy and mud to pebble bottoms, usually in less than 170 meters (Ref. 2850, 51666, 120227), while early postlarvae are pelagic (Ref. 120227). Food consists of polychaetes and crustaceans (Ref. 10571). They are an important prey for pelagic (as larvae) and benthic (as adults) predators (Ref. 120226). Sexual dimorphism is more pronounced after maturation with males displaying faster somatic growth (Ref. 120226).
Males exhibit territorial defence (Ref. 120226).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.2 - 7, mean 2.3 °C (based on 1058 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00148 - 0.00852), b=2.95 (2.74 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.39 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 11.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=7; tmax=12; K=0.099; Fec=931).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (59 of 100) .