Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Embiotocidae
Etymology: Phanerodon: Greek, phaner, -eros = visible + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); furcatus: furcatus meaning forked - referring to the tail (Ref. 6885) More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - 43 m (Ref. 2850), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 51°N - 27°N, 129°W - 114°W
Eastern Pacific: Vancouver Island, southern British Columbia to Punta Cabras, northern Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
(total): 9 - 11;
soft rays: 29 - 34;
Vertebrae: 38 - 42. Greenish above but predominately silvery; dark line at base of posterior part of dorsal; fins usually yellowish except for edging of dark on tail fin, and usually a dark spot on edge near anterior end of anal fin (Ref. 6885).
Adults often occur near piers, docks, in bays and sandy areas, but usually in quiet water and offshore areas near rocks (Ref. 2850). Viviparous, female carries the developing young (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Viviparous, female carries the developing young (Ref. 205).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.3 - 18, mean 10.9 °C (based on 24 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00552 - 0.03150), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2; tmax=8).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .