Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Percoidei
(Perchs) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Percina: Latin, diminutive of perch = perch (Ref. 45335); burtoni: Named after E. Milby Burton, former noted naturalist at the Charleston Museum who collected the type (Ref. 10294). More on author: Fowler.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 38°N - 35°N
North America: Tennessee and Cumberland River drainages in Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky and Tennessee, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 18;
(total): 13-17. Percina burtoni is distinguished from its congener P. apina by having lower mean number of lateral line scales (89.92 vs. 93.09), pored lateral line scales (88.78 vs. 91.59), transverse scale rows (33.59 vs. 38.09), and scales around the caudal peduncle (33.54 vs. 36.22); shape of the midlateral blotches tend to be higher than wide (vs. typically wider than high in P. apina); all blotches are distinctly round in shape (vs. posteriormost blotches ovoid or rectangular in shape in P. apina); pigmentation is diffuse at the ventral margins of the blotches (pigmentation along the edges of the blotches is sharply defined in P. apina) (Ref. 116752).
Inhabits gravel runs and riffles of clear, small to medium rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294); also found in creeks (Ref. 10294). Feeds on mayfly, caddisfly, stonefly, midge, and blackfly larvae and adult and larval riffle beetles (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00231 - 0.01249), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .