Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Syngnathus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Evermann & Kendall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 26938), usually ? - 6 m (Ref. 26938). Tropical
Western Atlantic: northeastern Florida and northern Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean coast of Central and South America; absent from West Indies.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - 9.8 cm
Max length : 18.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30499); common length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3.00 years (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Common in bays and estuaries. Usually found amongst vegetation (Ref. 26938). Enters fresh water. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
Also Ref. 53335.
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.3 - 28.1, mean 27.2 °C (based on 814 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00028 (0.00012 - 0.00064), b=3.21 (3.03 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .