Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Lepophidium: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Fowler.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 25 - 280 m (Ref. 91765), usually 25 - 100 m (Ref. 91765). Tropical; 37°N - 18°N, 96°W - 73°W (Ref. 91765)
Western Atlantic: S North Carolina through the Florida Keys and around the Gulf of Mexico; with one record from the Cuban side of the Straits of Florida.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91765)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 110 - 119;
Vertebrae: 73 - 77. Rostral spine long and curved, reaching tip of snout, without vertical basal component; peritoneum pale; no median basibranchial tooth patch; head extensively covered with imbricate rows of cycloid scales except for snout and throat; body tapering to point, dagger-shaped (Ref. 34024).
Uncommon species (Ref. 34024). Reported to reach 280 m depth (Ref. 7251). Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.H. Robins and M.E. Brown, 2012. A revision of Lepophidium (Teleoastei, Ophidiidae), with descriptions of eight new species. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 52(1):1-94. (Ref. 91765)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 20.6 - 27.4, mean 24.1 °C (based on 116 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00131 - 0.00577), b=3.16 (2.98 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 65.7 [37.9, 113.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.708 [0.456, 1.115] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.8 [14.2, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.124 [0.075, 0.202] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.2 [20.1, 70.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 112 [44, 271] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.21 [0.85, 1.71] mg/100g (wet weight);