Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Semotilus: Greek, sema = banner (dorsal fin) + Greek, tilos = spotted; used by Rafinesque (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 36°N - 34°N
North America: 'Carolina Sandhills' of south-central North Carolina and northeastern South Carolina, USA; encompassing portions of Cape Fear, Peedee, and Santee river drainages.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 13.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Semotilus lumbee is similar to S. atromaculatus, but lacks discrete black spot at dorsal fin base (dusky spot may be present), more strongly bicolored (dark above, white below), has 9 rays on dorsal fin, larger scales (usually 18 scales around caudal). This species possesses 42-52 lateral line scales. Breeding males have red fins (Ref. 86798).
Occurs in flowing, sand-bottomed and gravel-bottomed pools and runs of headwaters, creeks, and small rivers (Ref. 5723).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00373 - 0.01944), b=3.08 (2.88 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .