Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
Etymology: Thryssocypris: Greek, thrissa, -es = shad + Greek, Kypris, other name for Aphrodite, proceeding from Cyprus (Kypris), Greek, kyprinos = carp (Ref. 45335); tonlesapensis: From Tonle Sap, the enormous permanent backwater of the lower Mekong, into which the Prek Tamen and Prek Tasom flow (Ref. 31464). More on author: Roberts, Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic. Tropical
Asia: endemic to the Mekong basin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31464)
soft rays: 15 - 16;
Vertebrae: 43 - 44. Immediately distinguished from T. smaragdinus by its much smaller head, more numerous scales (44-46 in lateral line series versus 36-39), and more numerous anal fin rays (151/2 - 161/2 versus 121/2 - 141/2). The very striking difference in size of the pharyngeal jaws of tonlesapensis, the linear dimensions of which are only about half as great as in T. smaragdinus, is much greater than would be expected if this difference were due only to the difference in head size, since the head is only about 20% longer in T. smaragdinus. Gill rakers on first gill arch 8.
Found near the water surface. Highest numbers mainly in the tidal zone of large deltaic branches of the lower Mekong. Feeds on insect larvae. Sometimes seen in the markets, but usually used for making prahoc and tuk trey (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00311 - 0.01341), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .