Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 35 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 31°N - 35°S, 20°E - 134°W (Ref. 55)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea (Ref. 4320), Persian Gulf (Ref. 94051) and East Africa to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 17.1, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. reported age: 23 years (Ref. 2290)
Adults inhabit coral reefs (Ref. 30573, 58652), usually in schools on coastal reefs and in deep lagoons (Ref. 48635). Often in large aggregations with Lutjanus kasmira and Lutjanus lutjanus (Ref. 9710). Juveniles are sometimes found in mangrove estuaries or in the lower reaches of freshwater streams. Feed mainly on fishes, shrimps, crabs and other crustaceans (Ref. 30573). Neither anterolateral glandular groove nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406). Current information in the table (dangerous fish) do not match; needs verification.
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30298)
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28.1 (based on 1044 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.01342 - 0.01788), b=2.98 (2.95 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.30; tmax=23).
Prior r = 0.7, 2 SD range = 0.37 - 1.33, log(r) = -0.36, SD log(r) = 0.32, Based on: 3 K, 2 tgen, 3 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .