Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 47°N - 39°N
Europe and Asia: Aegean Sea basin, from Vistonis drainage eastward (Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey); Black Sea basin, few rivers in Thracian Turkey, northwards to Istranca.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 9 - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31730); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 27718)
(total): 8. Diagnosed from its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by having the following characters: last simple dorsal ray spinous, serrated posteriorly; usually 64-71 + 3-4 scales on lateral line; 15-20 scale rows between lateral and dorsal origin; 10-13 scale rows between lateral and pelvic origin; anterior scales of flank partly embedded in skin; head, body and fins with conspicuous black dots, smaller than pupil; caudal with a few small dots and without distinct black margin; lower lip with a median lobe in individuals larger than about 10 cm SL, a swollen pad in smaller ones; eye diameter 2.4-3.2 rimes in snout length; caudal peduncle depth 1.6-1.9 times in its length (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits streams and rivers, preferring stretches with clear water and riffles (Ref. 59043).
Bianco, P.G., 1998. Diversity of Barbinae fishes in southern Europe with description of a new genus and a new species (Cyprinidae). Ital. J. Zool. 65:125-136. (Ref. 31730)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00656 - 0.01524), b=3.00 (2.87 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.36 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.168; tmax=6).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100).