Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Genypterus: Greek, geny, -yos = face, jaw + Greek, pteron, = wing, fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Klunzinger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 33847). Subtropical; 32°S - 44°S, 114°E - 151°E (Ref. 34024)
Southwest Pacific: southern Australia and New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34024)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Uncommon and benthic species in rocky habitat (Ref. 34024). Restricted to estuaries, shallow bays and coastal reefs (Ref. 33847). Found on the continental shelf and slope (Ref. 75154). Juveniles are found in seagrass beds in estuaries while adults inhabit caves and rocky recesses (Ref. 33847). Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205). Important as a recreational fish (Ref. 33839). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.2 - 18.3, mean 16.4 °C (based on 110 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00134 - 0.00567), b=3.16 (2.98 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 56.8 [28.2, 118.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.2 [0.7, 2.0] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.3 [13.2, 17.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.52 [0.26, 1.04] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.9 [19.1, 91.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.4 [4.4, 59.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.767 [0.500, 1.220] mg/100g (wet weight);