Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Ipnopidae
(Deep-sea tripod fishes)
Etymology: Ipnops: Greek, hypnos = sleep + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 1789 - 3477 m (Ref. 26165). Deep-water
Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia. Western Atlantic: Mid Atlantic Bight and Bahamas. Eastern Atlantic: northwest Africa. Also known in Pacific Oceans (Ref. 26165).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26165)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits the continental slope (Ref. 7300). Maximum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.9 - 4.5, mean 3.4 (based on 587 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.32 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .