Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails)
Etymology: Coelorinchus: Greek, koilos = a hollow + Greek, rhyngchos = jaw (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Temperate
Northwest Pacific: southern Japan and Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Head about as wide as deep, depressed anteriorly; middle of length of head behind anterior border of pupil. Snout short and broadly protruding, with acute rostral spine; lateral margin strongly curved. Teeth in premaxillaries conical, not arrow-shaped, in 5 to 8 irregularly oblique series, forming a wide band as a whole, those of outer series evenly enlarged and widely spaced. Scales on body large, hexagonal, and rather deciduous; spinules stout and pungent, forming 4-11 divergent ridges, last spinule of each series more or less projecting beyond apical margin of scales. Scales on head coarser, less imbricated, and more adhesive than those on body; scales 7 or 8 in a longitudinal series on nasal crest, with spinous rows radiating in all directions from center of each scale, spinules never on ridges but independently rising from surface of scales. This median series of scales followed on each side by a single series of less-modified scales. Nasal fossa naked. No naked area on dorsal surface of snout, but a naked groove extending from base of rostral spine backward to interorbital space alongside median rostral series of scales. Underside of head, including mandibular regions and branchiostegal membranes, entirely naked. Vent immediately before anal fin and preceded by a luminous organ of short type (Ref. 54421).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .